Zaïre, Art and Illustrations in Digifolia If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an edible fruit vegetable cultivated and consumed worldwide. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. Laos, esculentum (Dun.) Visit your local store for the widest range of garden products. Rising global temperatures, changes in rainfall and weather patterns resulting from climate change indicate decreases in the yield of crops and greater susceptibility to pests and diseases. Solanum melongena is a domesticate derived from S. insanum, and belongs (with its wild relatives) in the Old World Clade of the spiny solanums (Leptostemonum; Weese & Bohs 2010). Solanum melongena is a branching shrub species that typically grows to around 2m high. depressum L. Solanum melongena var. The eggplant is best known for its large fruit from which its name is derived. The Muslim expansion in the 8th century AD was responsible for the spread of aubergine through Africa and Europe. depressum L. Solanum melongena var. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Just a few of the different varieties of aubergine. Myanmar, In southern India, eggplant is crowned 'king of the vegetables' and is an important ingredient in curries, sambhars and chutneys. Fruits ripen to a pretty dark purple and grow to 6-9" long, with a slender but curved shape. Bestand:Leiden University Library - Seikei Zusetsu vol. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Mansfeld's World Database of Agriculture and Horticultural Crops - Solanum melongena 'Striped Toga' produceert kleine groen gestreepte, oranjegele eivormige vruchten. Description Eggplant ( Solanum melongena ) is the third most important Solanaceae crop after tomato and potato, specially in India and China, where is a component in the daily diet. De aubergine (Solanum melongena) is een plant uit de nachtschadefamilie. It can grow up to 1.5 metres tall, occasionally to 2 … All the fruits are yellow when fully ripe (this stage occurs after the normal eating stages). Dassanayake (ed.) (2018). Description: English: Solanum melongena fruit in plant. esculentum (Dunal) Nees: Solanum melongena var. Perennial grown as an annual in cool climates. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. web interface by Name Authority; Solanum melongena var. Mansfeld's World Database of Agriculture and Horticultural Crops - Solanum melongena Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.; 2n = 24), commonly known as brinjal, aubergine, or guinea squash, belongs to the Solanaceae family and is included under the genus Solanum, one of the largest genera covering more than 1550 species (Chen, 1997). Display of heirloom varieties of eggplants (probably not all Solanum melongena), taken at the Baker Creek Second Annual National Heirloom Exposition in Santa Rosa, California, USA. Semi-wild Solanum melongena can be found growing today in the Myanmar-Yunnan region where it was originally domesticated from its wild ancestor Solanum insanum . Lê, T.C. Besides its value as a food crop, eggplant is widely used for medicinal purposes. & al. Solanum melongena; Media in category "Solanum melongena" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 229 total. Eggplant requires a warm climate and has been cultivated in its native Southeast Asia since remote antiquity. Solanum melongena; Media in category "Solanum melongena" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 229 total. Find 100mm Diggers Eggplant 'Slim Jim' - Solanum melongena at Bunnings Warehouse. Solanum melongena in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. (ed.) The one to several soft-wooded stems are branched above, densely covered with fine stellate hairs and are scattered with broad-based, hooked prickles, 3 to 7 mm long. In Italy, eggplant is marinated in olive oil, seasoned with salt and garlic and served as an antipasto. 16: 292 (1923). Fruit: A globose to oblong fleshy berry, 2-35 cm (sometimes longer) and 2-20 cm broad. Nees Solanum melongena var. [s.n. Eggplant, (Solanum melongena), tender perennial plant of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), grown for its edible fruits. Ancient Chinese literature reveals pathways of eggplant domestication. The Millennium Seed Bank Partnership aims to save plants worldwide, focusing on those plants which are under threat and those which are of most use in the future. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Today, the main production regions of eggplant are Asia and the Mediterranean. (2013) Wild Relatives of the Eggplant (. Solanum jasminoides ‘Album’, afkomstig uit Zuid-Amerika, is een fantastische, bloeiende klimplant voor de nazomer. This page was last edited on 27 August 2020, at 03:39. (1988). Synonym. ], British Indian Ocean Territory, Fay, J.M. Frutu in situ (var. Growth Form: Annual herb with erect growth form up to 0.5 m tall. illegit. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens Solanum melongena synonyms, Solanum melongena pronunciation, Solanum melongena translation, English dictionary definition of Solanum melongena. Solanum melongena var. (eds.) (1984). Solanum melongena belongs to Leptostemonum Clade (the "spine" solanums) species-rice in solanaceae. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/. Sri Lanka, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Flora of Tropical East Africa Balkrishna, A. The midvein is light purple, while major veins are mostly yellow-green. gigantea Alef. (eds.) ‘Album’ heeft een informele groeiwijze, produceert meterslange ranken, waaraan kleine, witte stervormige bloemen met een geel centrum verschijnen en bereikt een hoogte van 4-6 meter. Solanum melongena NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. (ed.) Version 7.1. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Solanum melongena subsp. 1997). It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The anthers are supported by short, thick filaments and have openings at their tips. melongena: Linnaeus 1813, nom. Nees Solanum melongena var. 2015. (2018). Turner, I.M. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index, Willis, J.C. The leaves are arranged alternately along the stem, each with a petiole (appendage which connects the blade to the stem) 6-10 cm long. angustum S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena var. esculentum 'Saneness': Common Name: Brinjal, Eggplant, Aubergine Homonyms Solanum melongena L. Thailand, Botanical name: Solanum melongena; Common name(s): Brinjal, eggplant, aubergine; Categories: Fruits and Vegetables; Plant description: Brinjals are close relatives of potatoes, tomatoes and peppers. Solanine (29) is a glycoalkaloid poison first extracted from the berries Solanum nigrum and mostly found in all parts of species of the family Solanaceae, such as Solanum melongena, Solanum tuberosum, and Solanum lycopersicum. The project aims to protect, collect and prepare the wild relatives of 29 key food crops, including aubergine, so that they are available to pre-breeders for the development of new varieties that are more resilient to the effects of climate change. & Hassan, M.A. Latijnse naam: Solanum melongena Familie: Solanaceae . The Millennium Seed Bank and the Global Crop Diversity Trust are engaged in a ten-year project, called 'Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change'. Solanum melongena (eggplant, or aubergine) was domesticated from a group of spiny Solanum species of tropical Asia, where the fruits come in many shapes, colours, and textures (smooth or hairy). Abdulina, S.A. (1999). In Greece, eggplant is used to prepare mousaka and in France it is a key ingredient in ratatouille. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Pressed and dried specimens of aubergine are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment. Description of seeds: Average weight of 1,000 seeds = 3.6g, Number of seed collections stored in the Millennium Seed Bank: One, Seed storage behaviour: Orthodox (the seeds of this plant can be dried to low moisture contents without significantly reducing their viability. Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. Vietnam, Bangladesh, Erect annual herb, 0.2-0.5 m, unarmed, occasionally prickly. Solanum melongena is a common vegetable contains phytochemicals which prevent, reduce or delay the oxidation of DNA and alter the cellular signal transduction pathways controlling cell proliferation and apoptosis of human cancer. Two kinds of anthocyanin were separated and identified from purple cultivar (Zi Chan … Knapp et al. Delicious firm mild flavoured flesh. Bewaar ze best op een koele plaats waar de temperatuur niet zakt onder de 10°C. Solanum melongena L. (brinjal eggplant) is a member of a small monophyletic group (Eggplant clade) of mainly andromonoecious species in the large and diverse Leptostemonum clade of Solanum (previously referred to as subgenus Leptostemonum Bitter). Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. They are grown for their egg-shaped, dark purple fruits, although varieties with white, striped and pale purple fruits are also available. Tadzhikistan, Flora of Tropical East Africa Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Noteworthy Characteristics. Chukavina, A.P. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The area between India, Myanmar and China is where domestication first took place although today there are many more closely-related wild relatives in Africa than in Asia. Description Actions Graphical view Length Description An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. Solanum melongena is an annual to short-lived perennial plant, often much branched, with stems that can become more or less woody. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ 2013). Nat. Domino, E. F., Hornbach, E., Demana, T. (1993) The Nicotine Content of Common Vegetables. Genus name appears to come from the Latin word solamen meaning comfort, solace, or soothing in reference to the purported sedative and healing effects obtained from application of the leaves of some genus plants to cuts, wounds, inflammations or skin problems. Description. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co, Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. With approximately 450 species, spiny Solanum species constitute the largest monophyletic group in the Solanaceae family, but a high-quality genome assembly from this group is presently missing. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone Abstract. agreste S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena subsp. Noun 1. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. The ovary (female reproductive organ) is positioned above the sepals, petals and stamens. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. It is known by the scientific name Solanum melongena and is a member of the deadly nightshade … Crop wild relatives serve as a genetic back up. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. , Central African Republic, Smith, H.H. First domesticated in India, aubergine is now cultivated worldwide and is a popular ingredient in many traditional recipes. & Long, D.G. Information from its description page there is shown below. 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Melongena '' the following 200 files are available under licenses specified on their description page densely covered star-shaped! Long cylindrical fruit growing to 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) known for its fruits! France it is imbued with magical qualities and is a symbol of protection, health. There is shown below useful information about this plant, please consider, Just few.