The inner city tends to contain high-density 19th Century housing and wholesale manufacturing. “Inner city” is a uniquely American term. “White flight,” another term popular among social scientists of the 1960s, describes the general trend of white residents altogether fleeing several major U.S. cities—most notably Detroit, Cleveland, and Oakland—for local suburbs, packing their wealth and taking it with them. 10 terms. The journalist and activist Jane Jacobs uses the term “inner city” in her 1961 book The Death and Life of Great American Cities, in discussion of urban “stagnation and decay.”, At Slate, the writer Jamelle Bouie summarizes the history of “redlining” as a plot by federal policymakers and private banks to starve mortgage lending and investment capital from black neighborhoods, which the Home Owners' Loan Corporation would rank at the bottom of its “desirability” index. T oday, for many Americans, the word “ghetto” conjures images of run-down and crime-ridden African American segregated areas—“inner cities,” in a common euphemism. Contrary to what the homogenous imagery depicted by Hollywood and history books would lead you to believe, cowboys of color have had a substantial presence on the Western frontier since the 1500s. The word "downtown" is also used to describe the inner city or city centre – primarily in North America – by English-speakers to refer to a city's commercial, cultural and often the historical, political and geographic heart, and is often contiguous with its central business district. Thus, even as it arose in contexts aiming to entice mainline Protestantism back into the cities it had fled, the term accrued its meaning by generating symbolic and geographic distance between white liberal churches and the black communities they sought to help.[2]. Gentrification is a powerful force for economic change in our cities, but it is often accompanied by extreme and unnecessary cultural displacement. In Canada, in the 1970s, the government introduced Neighbourhood Improvement Programs to deal with urban decay, especially in inner cities. For some people, the inner city means the area where cafe society thrives – … an older part of a city, densely populated and usually deteriorating, inhabited mainly by poor, often minority, groups: Struggling schools in the inner city face substantial challenges to prepare students for college. All Free. The term inner city arose in this racial liberal context, providing a rhetorical and ideological tool for articulating the role of the church in the nationwide project of urban renewal. In many respects Manchester could claim to be the first of a new generation of huge industrial cities created in … Engaging a host of classic works of urban sociology, Duneier describes how social scientists have grappled with poor, black, inner-city neighborhoods in the United States. investing in inner-city parks, there are huge disparities in what parks look like in North Minneapolis vs. Southwest Minneapolis. Alternatively, there’s the relatively benign shorthand that apparently favors no particular agenda. “Inner city,” then, isn’t just a general, apolitical description of black poverty, but also a potent hint at that poverty’s causes. [4] Also, some inner-city areas in various places have undergone the socioeconomic process of gentrification, especially since the 1990s. A few US cities, such as Philadelphia, use the term "Center City". He authorized an exhaustive study to determine how best to help reach and assist the poor. Features. It is the nucleus of the largest metropolitan area in the north of England. Its genesis was the product of an era when a largely suburban mainline Pr… In the most desirable neighborhoods of a given city, the HOLC would grant loans with explicit racial covenants that prohibited deed holders from ever selling their property to a black buyer. While the trouble will be greatest in black inner-city neighborhoods, other places are also certain to have burgeoning youth-crime problems that will spill over into upscale central-city … The first known use of inner city was in 1958. [1] Sociologists sometimes turn this euphemism into a formal designation, applying the term "inner city" to such residential areas, rather than to geographically more central commercial districts. Time Traveler for inner city. The term inner city has been used, especially in the United States, as a euphemism for lower-income residential districts, sometimes but not exclusively referring to African-American neighborhoods, in a downtown or city centre area. The streets form a gridiron pattern. 10 terms. See more words from the same year Urban renewal (also called urban regeneration in the United Kingdom and urban redevelopment in the United States[3]) is a program of land redevelopment often used to address urban decay in cities. https://study.com/academy/lesson/white-flight-definition-history-effects.html First, there’s the coded, so-called “dog whistle” language that partisans use to identify with one another. Still, anyone might include these neighborhoods in discussion of “inner city” violence, “inner city” poverty, and such. a. the parts of a city in or near its centre, esp when they are associated with poverty, unemployment, substandard housing, etc b. 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