Tamborcillos con mango.JPG 3,648 × 2,736; 4.75 MB. [citation needed], In 2004 a plane load of suspected mercenaries was intercepted in Zimbabwe while allegedly on the way to overthrow Obiang. In government and education Spanish is used. In Equatorial Guinea, a small African country located just north of the Equator, the climate is tropical, hot and humid all year round, with a slightly cooler period from June to September, when the south-west currents prevail. Fernando Pó was inhabited by many Biafra-supporting Ibo migrant workers and many refugees from the breakaway state fled to the island, straining it to breaking point. Pan-African styles like soukous and makossa are popular, as are reggae and rock and roll. Soukous is closely associated wit… However, and despite speaking under duress and with clear signs of torture, Nsolo said that they had planned a peaceful protest and had indeed obtained all the legal authorizations required to carry out the peaceful protest. Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial;[a] French: Guinée équatoriale; Portuguese: Guiné Equatorial), officially the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: República de Guinea Ecuatorial, French: République de Guinée équatoriale, Portuguese: República da Guiné Equatorial),[b] is a country located on the west coast of Central Africa, with an area of 28,000 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi). In Lanfranchi (R.) & Schwartz (D.) éds. In July 2004, the United States Senate published an investigation into Riggs Bank, a Washington-based bank into which most of Equatorial Guinea's oil revenues were paid until recently, and which also banked for Chile's Augusto Pinochet. Roman Catholics make up the majority (88%), while a minority are Protestants (5%). The first phase consisted of little more than a continuation of previous policies; these closely resembled the policies of Portugal and France, notably in dividing the population into a vast majority governed as 'natives' or non-citizens, and a very small minority (together with whites) admitted to civic status as emancipados, assimilation to the metropolitan culture being the only permissible means of advancement. It borders Cameroon on the north, Gabon on the south and east, and the Gulf of Guinea on the west. Some Equatorial Guinean communities are also found in Latin America, the United States, Portugal, and France. [85], From 2000 to 2010, Equatorial Guinea had the highest average annual increase in GDP (Gross Domestic Product), 17%. [99], Fa d'Ambô, a Portuguese creole, has vigorous use in Annobón Province, in Malabo (the capital), and among some speakers in Equatorial Guinea's mainland. [citation needed]. From June to August, Río Muni is dry and Bioko wet; from December to February, the reverse occurs. [citation needed], In 1778, Queen Maria I of Portugal and King Charles III of Spain signed the Treaty of El Pardo which ceded Bioko, adjacent islets, and commercial rights to the Bight of Biafra between the Niger and Ogoue rivers to Spain. [75] The army has almost 1,400 soldiers, the police 400 paramilitary men, the navy 200 service members, and the air force about 120 members. They stand as testimony to the city’s – the soon-to-be-replaced capital of Equatorial Guinea – long history, and its deep-rooted European heritage. The Africans were principally divided between Fernandinos and Bubi on one side, who feared a loss of privileges and 'swamping' by the Fang majority, and the Río Muni Fang nationalists on the other. [73], 26 May 2013 elections combined the senate, lower house and mayoral contests all in a single package. [69] Obiang re-appointed Prime Minister Ignacio Milam Tang in 2010. Equatorial Guinea's government is authoritarian and has one of the worst human rights records in the world, consistently ranking among the "worst of the worst" in Freedom House's annual survey of political and civil rights. Despite natural advantages, initial Portuguese efforts in 1507 to establish a sugarcane plantation and town near what is now Concepción on Fernando Pó failed due to Bubi hostility and fever. Music and dance is at the core of Equatorial Guinea, and they are treated by the natives as religiously significant. [97][108] Additionally, the IILP secured land from the government for the construction of Portuguese language cultural centres in Bata and Malabo. get price. [49] President Teodoro Obiang is widely suspected of using the country's oil wealth to enrich himself[50] and his associates. [4] There is one GSM mobile telephone operator, with coverage of Malabo, Bata, and several mainland cities. It was then required to meet a number of obligations to do so, including committing to working with civil society and companies on EITI implementation, appointing a senior individual to lead on EITI implementation, and publishing a fully costed Work Plan with measurable targets, a timetable for implementation and an assessment of capacity constraints. BBC World Service, Radio France Internationale and Gabon-based Africa No 1 broadcast on FM in Malabo. [14] Human trafficking is a significant problem; the 2012 U.S. [41], After the Public Prosecutor complained about "excesses and maltreatment" by government officials, Macías had 150 alleged coup-plotters executed in a purge on Christmas Eve 1969, all of whom happened to be political opponents. [113], Under Francisco Macias, education was neglected, and few children received any type of education. Despite its name, no part of the country's territory lies on the equator—it is in the northern hemisphere, except for the insular Annobón Province, which is about 155 km (96 mi) south of the equator. Makossa originated in the nearby nation of Cameroonand has been described as being an urban musical style which uses brass instruments in order to create its distinctive dance music. [100] The Annobonese ethnic community tried to gain membership in the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP). "[15], Pygmies probably once lived in the continental region that is now Equatorial Guinea, but are today found only in isolated pockets in southern Río Muni. The Plaza de la Mujer square in Malabo was occupied by the police from 13 May and it has been heavily guarded ever since. Some of the motivations for Equatorial Guinea's membership pursuit into the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP) included access to several professional and academic exchange programmes and facilitated cross-border circulation of citizens. [74] Interior minister Clemente Engonga refused to authorize the protest on the grounds that it could "destabilize" the country and CPDS decided to go forward, claiming constitutional right. Coastal ethnic groups, sometimes referred to as Ndowe or "Playeros" (Beach People in Spanish): Combes, Bujebas, Balengues, and Bengas on the mainland and small islands, and Fernandinos, a Krio community on Bioko Island together comprise 5% of the population. A November 2004 report[60] named Mark Thatcher as a financial backer of the 2004 Equatorial Guinea coup d'état attempt organized by Simon Mann. A number of musical genres are popular in Equatorial Guinea. However, when Equatorial Guinea applied to extend the deadline for completing EITI validation, the EITI Board did not agree to the extension. Brigadier Felipe José, Count of Arjelejos sailed from Uruguay to formally take possession of Bioko from Portugal, landing on the island on 21 October 1778. The vote on the constitution was taken though neither the text or its content was revealed to the public before the vote. Blog. There were garrisons of the colonial guard throughout the enclave by 1926, and the whole colony was considered 'pacified' by 1929. More Info Product Video. Spanish is not spoken much in Annobón. COMPILED BY STAFF REPORTER. Equatorial Guinea has also been a destination for fortune-seeking European immigrants from Britain, France and Germany. ), 2015, Middle to Late Holocene Paleoclimatic Change and the Early Bantu Expansion in the Rain Forests of Western Central Africa, Current Anthropology, 56 (3), pp.354–384. Catholic penetration was furthered by two small insurrections in 1898 and 1910 protesting conscription of forced labour for the plantations. Television Nacional, the television network, is state operated. Due to epidemics Spain did not invest much in the colony, and in 1862 an outbreak of yellow fever killed many of the whites that had settled on the island. [101][102][103] It also recognises long historical ties with Portugal, and with Portuguese-speaking peoples of Brazil, São Tomé and Príncipe, and Cape Verde. Equatorial Guinea - Instrument of Ratification - Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage Date(s) 2009-10-27 (Creation) Level of description. The mission ended on 23 June 2016 with a final discussion on the follow up activities with the Ministry and the National Commission for UNESCO, that includes a second workshop to discuss on the policy instrument formulated and on the proposed candidature for Biosphere Reserve for November 2016 in Bata. Final report of the workshop on the formulation of STI policies and policy instruments in Equatorial Guinea: SECTION FOR SCIENCE POLICY AND PARTNERSHIPS, International Geoscience and Geoparks Programme, Executive Secretary, ADG of UNESCO for IOC, Improving measurement of Gender Equality in STEM, Women’s participation in policy-making processes, Biodiversity & Society, Culture and Ethics, Disaster Risk Reduction in UNESCO designated sites, Development of STI policy instruments in Africa, "Support to the development of legal frameworks, policy instruments and governing bodies for the effective implementation of national Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) policies in Africa”, > UNESCO's Country Profile of Equatorial Guinea, > Latest STI Statistics (UNESCO Institute for Statistics). In the towns he had instead presented himself as the urbane leader who had bested the Spanish at the UN, and he had won in the second round of voting – greatly helped by the vote-splitting of his rivals. The national currency, the ekwele, had previously been linked to the Spanish peseta.[83]. The greatest variety is found in the percussion instruments, for example, in the wooden drums, or those of wood with leather; but also in the canes that are knocked together or in the magic xylophones made exclusively of wood and strings, that offer, however, a … BYK Instruments Virtual Exhibition. In June 2016, Equatorial Guinea was chosen to host the 12th African Games in 2019. What do the instruments used in Equatorial Guinea represent? [45], The shipping agreement gave the Soviets permission for a pilot fishery development project and also a naval base at Luba. Noncreolized Portuguese is used as liturgical language by local Catholics. Obiang answered he refused to step aside because the new constitution was not retroactive and the two- term limit would only become applicable from 2016. Many residents of Bioko can also speak Spanish, particularly in the capital, and the local trade language Pichinglis, an English-based creole. [83], Equatorial Guinea currently has no UNESCO World Heritage Site or tentative sites for the World Heritage List. [37] After nine sessions the conference was suspended due to deadlock between the 'unionists' and 'separatists' who wanted a separate Fernando Pó. According to Human Rights Watch, the dictatorship of President Obiang used an oil boom to entrench and enrich itself further at the expense of the country's people. He was tried and executed soon afterward, with Obiang succeeding him as a less bloody, but still authoritarian president. History of the people 3. [82], Before independence Equatorial Guinea exported cocoa, coffee and timber, mostly to its colonial ruler, Spain, but also to Germany and the UK. Authority: The Instrument Technician is authorised to maintain Instrument assets and systems safely. There is also an independent radio called Radio Macuto, the voice of the voiceless. [98] French was only made official in order to join the Francophonie and it is not locally spoken, except in some border towns. When the War broke out Francisco Franco ordered Nationalist forces based in the Canaries to ensure control over Equatorial Guinea. The use of traditional musical instruments in Ethiopia goes back to centuries. Two General Assembly resolutions were passed in 1965 ordering Spain to grant independence to the colony, and in 1966 a UN Commission toured the country before recommending the same thing. Self-consumed goods and services. Media in category "Musical instruments of Equatorial Guinea" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. 1. All operations performed in Equatorial Guinea are subject to VAT unless they are included in the list of exemptions provided by the EG Tax Code or a specific tax regime. Forestry, farming, and fishing are also major components of GDP. The 1960s were a time of great optimism over the future of the former African colonies, and groups that had been close to European rulers, like the Bubi, were not viewed positively. Acoustic guitar bands based on a Spanish model are the country's best-known indigenous popular tradition. Equatorial Guinea. 2% of the population follows Islam (mainly Sunni). At the conference the leading Fang figure, the later first president Francisco Macías Nguema gave a controversial speech in which he claimed that Adolf Hitler had 'saved Africa'. In 2006, Forbes estimated his personal wealth at $600 million.[51]. It focuses in one of Equatorial Guinea's most translated writers Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel. UNESCO is collaborating with the Ministry of Education and Science to assess the status of the STI and Higher Education National System and formulate a policy instrument to enhance its functioning. Download the project’s brochure in English | French | Spanish, Final report of the workshop on the formulation of STI policies and policy instruments in Equatorial Guinea: French | Spanish (pdf), UNESCO Science Report: Towards 2030 – Equatorial Guinea (pdf), SECTION FOR SCIENCE POLICY AND PARTNERSHIPSMail: sc.stp(at)unesco.org, ERNESTO FERNANDEZ POLCUCHChief of SectionMail: e.fernandez-polcuch(at)unesco.orgTel: + 33 (0) 1 45 68 41 33, lack of scientific information and STI-HE indicators and data especially; the lack of financing and infrastructure for research and the lack of human resources for R&D. Various accounts also named the United Kingdom's MI6, the United States' CIA, and Spain as tacit supporters of the coup attempt. [16] They must have settled continental Equatorial Guinea around 500 BC at the latest. The censorship was implemented by redirecting online searches to the official government website. Gabon was named “Gabao’ which means “hooded cloak,” because that is what Portuguese explorers thought the River Como Estuary resembled. Corisco and the two Elobey islands are in Corisco Bay, on the border of Río Muni and Gabon. Services provided. The 1982 constitution of Equatorial Guinea gives him extensive powers, including naming and dismissing members of the cabinet, making laws by decree, dissolving the Chamber of Representatives, negotiating and ratifying treaties and serving as commander in chief of the armed forces. In between there is gradual transition. Clist (B.). Some 20% of children die before age 5 and more than 50% of the population lacks access to clean drinking water. [58], According to a March 2004 BBC profile,[59] politics within the country were dominated by tensions between Obiang's son, Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue, and other close relatives with powerful positions in the security forces. 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